The university continues to monitor the circumstances related to the pandemic. As such, course delivery methods and locations for the Spring 2021 semester will be finalized and published in the Schedule of Classes by December 4, 2020.
Credit only granted for: JWST347, HIST429X, or RELS419R.
An exploration of the history of the different modern Jewish religious movements that developed in Europe, starting with messianic movements and ending with Reform and Orthodoxy. Emphasis will be placed on the influence of the academic study of Judaism on the development of modern Jewish religious ideologies and practices.